Duck Cloth

duck cloth

What is Duck Cloth?

Cotton duck –  (from Dutch doek,”linen canvas”), also simply duck, sometimes duck cloth or duck canvas, commonly called “canvas” outside the textile industry, is a heavy, plain woven cotton fabric. There is also linen duck, which is less often used. Duck is used in a wide range of applications, from sneakers to over tents to sandbags. Duck fabric is woven with 2 yarns together in the warp and a single yarn in the weft.

By far the most popular workwear fabric, cotton duck is a weighty, plain-but-strong woven canvas. Despite its name, this hardy workwear fabric has nothing to do with waterfowl or their feathers. The term “duck” comes from the Dutch word doek, which refers to a linen canvas once used for sailors’ white trousers and outerwear. The word “cotton” has been added to modern duck items simply to distinguish them from traditional linen duck. Interestingly enough, though, cotton duck is related to another type of work-ready duck. Duct tape, often called “duck tape,” was originally manufactured by adding an adhesive backing to regular cotton duck.

You’ve heard the expression “tougher than nails.” Well, cotton duck may be “tougher than sails.” The same general type of canvas duck used for many work clothes has often been used for traditional boat sails, since the thick cotton weave is incredibly resistant to tearing and rough wear.

Usually offered in drab colors like unbleached white, tan, and shades of brown or green, cotton duck work clothes never look very dirty even when they are.

The advantages of cotton duck workwear fabric are many. For example:

  • It has a relatively smooth surface that isn’t prone to snagging and tearing.
  • It is probably second only to leather in the class of true workwear fabrics in its ability to block the wind (which can be more important than anything on a blustery winter jobsite).
  • It is somewhat burn-resistant, albeit still certainly flammable. If you’re sleeping by a campfire or welding in the shop, a few small sparks or hot ashes won’t ruin the fabric, unlike nylon or other synthetics that end up with tiny pinholes everywhere in the same situation.
  • It may feel stiff and uncomfortable at first, but after being washed and worn a few times should feel quite comfortable.

This workwear fabric is also found in four-walled tents, shoes and sand bags added Salomón Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim.

Textiles for Spring/Summer 2016


Textiles for Spring/Summer 2016

The Spring/Summer seasons for 2016 are betting for bright textiles that will fill out the world of color, texture and vibrant applications that will fill out the air with energy and lots of personality.

“Spring and Summer are a great epoch of the year to dress on colorful outfits, taking out of the wardrobe those garments that will make you feel comfortable on hot days and fresh”, thinks Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal.

The tones of textiles for Spring and Summer 2016 will appear from subtle and romantic ones, such as nude, pale pink, camel, natural and choral to the stronger shades such as yellow, orange, blue, green and turquoise. Designers are finding the perfect balance between both color gamuts in order to create garments that include both colors instead of making them compete.

This Spring/Summer seasons we will see sophisticated textiles that will invite us to wear them in a bright and imperious way, some of these designs include animal print, openwork fabrics and classic textures reappearing again, such as patchwork and seafaring.

Trends are also guiding us to ethnic canvas, floral and bicolor tones that will convert these types of clothes in basic ones for this season.

The retro style is coming bight and this time it is bringing details inspiring a little bit of longing for those wonderful years.

Spring and Summer for 2016 will be great to reinvent textile applications, bright colors and retro prints that will invite the lovers to embrace these new fashion designs.

“The perfect benefit of design and style can only be obtained when the designers find a way to make completely different textiles match between them, that is when new combinations are found and the fashion lovers see the magic of new styles each new season”, added Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim, about this topic.

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Type of fabrics and their use

type of fabrics

Type of fabrics and their use to manufacture clothes

Fabrics have been used for thousands of years by man with different purposes such as protecting from environment, to get dressed or to substitute the skins they used to cover their bodies, and nowadays fabrics have many more uses such as manufacture of clothes, blankets, coverlets and many different articles to protect us, our home and even cars.

At the beginning fabrics were composed from natural materials, such as wool, and plants such as linen and cotton, and they were not dyed, as there were only a few countries that knew dying methods, such as China, but once the world started knowing more about tints, the variety of colors on fabrics increased.

“Fabrics have been evolving really fast; nowadays, there are many different type of fabrics that can be used to manufacture clothes, many persons are constantly looking for new alternatives to wear, and as manufacturers, we, at Grupo Denim, try to find those new options that customers are looking for”, said Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of this company.

The different type of fabrics can be classified by different criteria, for the type of material used to produce them, type of weave or their animal or vegetable origin:

  • Vegetable fabrics – These are known as the fabrics manufactured with threads that are product of vegetal fibers, such as linen, cotton, hemp or jute, among many other.
  • Animal fabrics – Are those fabrics manufactured with threads coming from animals, such as wool (from alpaca or lamb) and silk (produced by worm larvae) and some other type of furs that are interwoven to create fabrics.
  • Artificial fabrics – They are made with synthetic fibers, such as nylon, polyester, Lycra, among many others.

“Manufacturers are always seeking for different fabrics that offer more resistance, that can be easy to handle and above all, that are comfortable for the final consumer”, added Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal about this topic.

Dress Well

How To Dress Well

How To Dress Well

Well dressed people appear more confident, attractive and put-together than badly dressed people. Give a good first impression for an interview, first meeting, date or any occasion in life by learning how to dress well.

  1. Wear the color that suits you best. Wear pastel colors like baby blue if you are fair-skinned, dark colors like navy or black if you are olive-skinned and bright colors if you have dark skin. Color that compliments skin tone can make a person appear fresher.
  2. Watch out for trends and fashions. Look through magazines, watch television and keep an eye on celebrities to stay updated on clothing styles. 
  3. Dress well with clothes that fit. Avoid wearing clothes that are baggy, tight, too short or too long. Wearing tight clothing will emphasize bulges and imperfections. Dress well by wearing clothing that fits perfectly.
  4. Wear the right clothes for the occasion and weather. Make outfits based on the weather and plans for the day. If it is hot, wear a pair of shorts with a T-shirt. Sweaters and coats should be worn during cold, winter weather. Wear formal clothing like tuxedos to events like weddings, dates or funerals.
  5. Accessorize outfits. Make outfits look better by accessorizing jewelry and hats. Coordinating accessories with the right outfit will make someone look like he knows how to dress well. Wear a watch, baseball cap or any accessory to improve outfits.
  6. Match clothes. Do not pair odd clothes together. Bright patterns and bold colors should be paired with subtle clothing. For example, match printed shorts with a solid color T-shirt. Wearing a mix of several patterns will not make a person look well dressed.
  7. Check clothing for loose threads, wrinkles and holes. Never wear clothing that has holes and stains on it. Wearing clothing with wrinkles, stains and holes will make a person look lazy, disheveled and very badly dressed. Cut loose threads and iron creases.

“Attire is one of the first things noticed on a person; the first impression is long-lasting, that is the reason  to dress well” said Salomón Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim.

Importance of yarns


Importance of yarns in fashion

Importance of yarns in fashion

Having refined yarns will be vital for the future of fashion, with alliances between transparency and opacity, fragility and rustic, fineness and texture and it is for sure easier to say it than achieve it so the fabrics manufacturers will have to face importance challenges to meet the new fashion requirements and today we will show you the main topics about yarns that will have on the future seasons.

“For Grupo Denim, it is important that our providers are very well aware of the responsibility we have as a team to receive fabrics manufactured with yarns of the best quality, as that will help us assuring we ship to our clients clothes that will last longer and the final buyers are investing their money on a piece of excellent quality”, said the president of this company, Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal.

  • Indiscreet filters – The delicate yarns make it easier to have transparent fabrics that play to hide and seek, so the combed cotton yarn with metalloplastic will be more important for the next fashion designs.
  • Aerated Strength – Structure of threads invites us to create aerated textiles that will also be delicate but resistant at the same time, by using resistant linen and hemp to create yarns in open structures. The vegetal fibers reveal their light nature thanks to this new game of openwork, rustic and mesh networks.
  • Moving waves – Lightness and fineness of threads will help create textiles that move easily as a wave, celluloses, synthetic filament and shimmering silks are mixed to generate almost liquid oscillations.
  • Metallic – Vibrant tones will also be used on yards with metallic reflections to create some of the newest proposals such as metallic jeans.

“Yarns play an important part for all clothes’ manufacturer companies as it is only with fabrics of the best quality that you can create unique designs”, added Salomon Juan Marcos Villlarreal.

Cotton and Nylon

Cotton and Nylon

Why is Cotton more absorbent than Nylon?

The answer lies in the basic but remarkable molecular structure of cotton, nylon and water. The simple water molecule, with its one oxygen atom attached to two hydrogen atoms, causes a different action when it comes in conta­ct with the complex molecules that make up cotton and nylon.

Water has a sticky quality that comes from its molecular structure. The oxygen atom attracts electrons, giving it a slightly negative charge. The two hydrogen atoms have a slightly positive charge. The positive and negative ends make the water molecule like a magnet (dipole), which keeps water molecules together and makes the surface of a water drop slightly elastic. It also means that water molecules will bond easily with molecules with an opposite charge that come nearby.

Polymer molecules are often long chains of atoms linked in repeating patterns. There are a lot of atoms bonded to one another in these molecules, giving a lot of places where sticky water molecules can find a place to bond.

Cotton is pure cellulose, a naturally occurring polymer. Cellulose is a  carbohydrate, and the molecule is a long chain of glucose (sugar) molecules. If you look at the structure of a cellulose molecule you can see the OH groups that are on the outer edge. These negatively charged groups attract water molecules and make cellulose and cotton absorb water well. Cotton can absorb about 25 times its weight in water. Chemists refer to substances like cotton as hydrophilic, which means that they attract water molecules.

Nylon is a synthetic material, meaning that chemists create the polymer molecules that make up nylon. More than 100 repeating units of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen atoms make up the long chain nylon molecule. The strength of the long nylon molecule made it a great replacement for silk, which had a similar feel and texture.

Cotton and Nylon are both made up of giant polymer molecules, these fibers are used in Grupo Denim for many garments for their quality  and durability said Salomón Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim.


Rapife – Clothing that alerts baby fever


Rapife – Clothing that alerts baby fever by using innovated fibers

Great history most of the times begins with little actions, putting together hard work that creates something and that something is the case of Rapife, a textile company found in 1923 on a first floor of a family from Spain. Rapife is an example of growing despite the adversities.

This company, that now produces all its products in Spain and that based on sales and globalization started production with China and Bangladesh for a period of time; but then, due to the low prices from competitors, the company stopped importing on 2009.

At that time, the trusted the Spain brand because of it natural and organic fibers, it was a complicated and risky change since it meant to decrease production to 7,000 units per day when it usually was 17,000 to 10,000 and invoicing from 8 million euro per year to 4.5 million euro.

But this was a change that also implicated to get back to the dream to fight for an innovated project: “We had it clear, we wanted to sale Spain brand; meaning products with better quality and best finishes” explained Ramon Espi.

It also had to do with the environment. “There are colored rivers in China and Bangladesh because of the tint processes, in Europe, the processes are much controlled, they use water treatment etc…Obviously a tint technique will never be friendly to the environment but we can make its foot print less visible”, said Espi.

That is how they got Made in Green stamp that certifies the garments being made free of toxic substances, respecting the environment and workers’ human rights. Another change was to incorporate an infrastructure of investigation and development, including a laboratory that investigates new materials and process and another department dedicated to new designs and models.

Their effort are now paid by their new innovations, like baby bodies thermo chromic that indicate if the baby got fever through a stamped baby doll on the body that changes from purple to red when the temperature is high. They are also known for their natural fibers like bamboo and casein.

Rapife quit the big buildings and now they handle their business by direct sales thought their website. For 2016 they expect their sales to grow 20% and to do business with Germany, France, Italy and so others.

For Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim, this is a great family story that deserves to be told around the world. “It all starts with a dream, then a decision is made in order to accomplish that dream, this is how great business are built”, said Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal.

Care Label

care label

Care Label Instructions

Care instructions are small solutions to big problems. Care labels provide guidelines to consumers about apparel care, and the best cleaning procedures to be used for a particular combination of fabric, thread decoration and construction techniques. Following the instructions on the care labels is an assurance that the appearance and fit of the garment will be maintained after repeated cleaning treatments.

From a manufacturer’s point of view, damage to garments from incorrect cleaning methods can lead to complaints; costly customer returns and a bad image. Where as accurate and clearly written care labels can prevent customer dissatisfaction. From a consumer’s point of view, accurate and clearly written care instructions serve as a cleaning guide and influence purchase. Garments with ease of care are often preferred over garments with complicated or difficult to understand care procedures.

Many different care labelling systems have evolved over the world. Some have been established as a governmental regulation, while others are international standards. Not all of them however, are mandatory.

Lesser Known Facts About Care Labels

  • The country where the garment is sewn is the country of origin listed on the care label
  • Care labels must be permanently attached so that they are easily accessible to the consumer at the point of purchase. Generally, it is placed on the side or bottom
  • The manufacturer or importer who directs production is responsible for the accuracy of care instructions
  • A product may be imported without a care label, but it must be attached before the product is sold

Care Labelling Systems

There are five care labelling systems which are generally used on care labels. These systems are:

  1. The International Care Labelling System
  2. The Japanese Care Labelling System
  3. The Canadian Care Labelling System
  4. The European Care Labelling System
  5. The American Care Labelling System

The International Care Labelling System

The International Association for Textile Care Labelling (GINETEX) is the world body which governs care labels since 1975.

Member nations of GINETEX are Belgium, France, Germany, England, Netherlands, Israel, Austria, Switzerland, and Spain.

The objective of the Care Label is inform consumers on the correct care labelling of textiles through a system of uniform and simple care labelling symbols, independent of language, commented Salomón Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim.

Wrinkle resistant updates

wrinkle resistant

Wrinkle resistant updates on cotton fabric

It seems everybody in the world is allergic to iron activities, but we all agree that wearing wrinkled clothes is not a professional thing to do. Thanks to heaven we have “wrinkle resistant” garments and avoiding ironing is the most logical reason why they become so popular; however, the actual methods for producing these type of fabrics are always connected to chemicals, which worries people that care for their health.

Some other methods have been developed but still, chemicals are involved or they are very very expensive. Yiqi Yang and colleagues’ team worked to investigate chemicals that would have wrinkle resistant properties but without needing formaldehyde, which is a very dangerous chemical. Afterwards, the team tested combinations of these chemicals; and the best combination was citric acid with xylitol, although the citric yellowed the fabric, the xylitol eliminates this and the wrinkle resistant result is better, also this combination is born from renewable raw materials; therefore, it is friendly with the environment, adding that its costs effective is improved vs other green results and can compete in price with the other chemicals that use formaldehyde.

The source of the above investigation is from the American chemical society, information that help us to understand how much we need to care about our planet and how is the science working to have or generate  “greener” solutions each day.

Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim, is also a great entrepreneur worried about our legacy and foot print to the environment; therefore, he and his team are always dedicated to use the most sustainable products in order to reduce the negative impact to the environment. “We are a responsible company that practices sustainability, we always check first if the products to be used are in environmental performance, before starting a new development”, explained Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal.

Textile industry

textile industry

Importance of textile industry

Textile industry includes all type of business related to the development and production of different fibers, from sheep producers to cotton planters, who are in charge of turning the fibers into threads, those who turn threads in weaves and those who dye, bleach and finish the fabrics.

Textile industry also includes chemical companies in charge of producing synthetic fibers, as well as wholesalers of fabrics.

“Textiles are in our daily life, we can find them in our cars, furniture, windows, clothes, practically everywhere, textile industry is one of the most important activities in Mexico, as it helps the country’s economy as well as being an important source of jobs”, said Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim.

Textiles have existed almost since humanity did and as well as human beings evolved, textiles did it too, not only in the way of wearing textiles but also in the way of producing them.

There are many companies depending of the textile industry, such as fashion, furniture or carpets manufacturers.

There is also a sector that had to open to cover the demands of the textile industry, such as sewing machines manufacturers or software vendors in charge of adapting their programs for this industry.

We can easily notice how the textile companies have grown up along the years as the fabrics will always be needed and many companies depend on their products, such as companies dedicated to produce needles, zippers, buttons, clothing accessories, among many others.

“Textile industry has a significant importance in Mexico for the amount of companies dedicated to this company. In Grupo Denim, we are always looking for vendors who are able to provide fabrics of the best quality, that will guarantee us offering a final product to the customers that will meet their requirements”, added Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal about this topic.